Acer rubrum (Red Maple)
Easy to transplant. Acidic soil. Scarlet Red fall foliage. Red flowers in spring. Plant in sun to part sun. Tree will reach 40 to 60 feet, growing one to two feet a year.
Red maple is a host plant for many moth and insect species. Nuthatch, Purple Finch, Evening Grosbeak, and other songbirds eat the seeds and buds, while the Yellow-Bellied Sapsucker drills holes into the bark to feed on sap. The insects supported by Red Maple keep many insect-eating songbirds alive . Screech Owl, Pileated Woodpecker, Wood Duck, Northern Flicker, and Tree Swallow use cavities in older trees for nesting sites.
Acer saccharum (Sugar Maple)
Betula nigra (River Birch)
River Birch tolerates standing water, clay, and even drought once established. It’s peeling bark adds interest to a winter landscape and its leaves fluttering in summer breezes can make you feel cooler even when its hot. It is a fast growing tree that reaches 50 feet or more in a relatively short time. Full sun to part sun.
Many insects use the River Birch for food and lodging. Pine Siskin, White-Winged Crossbill, Purple Finch, and Black-Capped Chickadee are some of the birds that depend on these seeds.
Fagus grandifolia (American Beech)
Quercus velutina (Black Oak)
Taxodium distichum (Bald Cypress)
Bald Cypress is a deciduous conifer. Every fall its needles turn blaze yellow and fall to the ground. It can grow to 50 or 70 feet, with a width of 20 to 30 feet. Consider using this in an area where you would like shade or screening in summer, but sunlight to come through in winter. Plant in sun in moist to wet soil. Standing water is no problem for this tree, that tolerates Deer, Clay Soil, Wet Soil, and Air Pollution.
Ulmus Americana (American Elm)
Quercus phellos (Willow Oak)
Quercus imbricaria (Shingle Oak)
Juglans cinera (Butternut)